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The scoping review

The second project result is a scoping review, that will collect and systemise existing knowledge about innovative methods in medical education in internships, identifying the barriers and promoting factors. This calls for a scoping review providing overview, informing future research and guiding evidence-based solution. The scoping review will help to determine the score of the topic on innovative learning methods.

As the topic is an emerging field, and as the specific elements of the learning solutions are unclear, a more specific, structured process, e.g., a systematic review or meta-analysis is not preferable. The specific objective of the HEAL project is to develop an innovative framework as a process model, that will assist students, teaching staff in hospitals and internship organisers to co-create and implement new forms of internships. The scoping review is expected to provide knowledge and information about different learning methods/solutions, e.g., online- and video-based learning, simulation and skills training among others.

This knowledge will guide the development of the innovative framework, making it easier for the above-mentioned groups to make an informed decision when planning new forms of internships based on blended learning.

The search efforts will be concentrated on identifying and gathering existing knowledge and experiences about innovative educational methods and programmes developed with a multidisciplinary and participatory approach as a prerequisite to create internships for the hospitals of the future.

The following four questions have been conceived by the HEAL consortium to properly guide the scoping review:

Sub-question 1: What do we already know about innovative learning methods, including current existing solutions?

Sub-question 2: What seems to be important preconditions for successful internships?

Sub-question 3: What innovative methods exist and have been used in health and medical education and internships?

Sub-question 4:  What are the barriers and promoting factors for these innovative methods?

The findings of the scoping review is expected to provide appropriate examples of state of the art in the addressed field and to facilitate the identification of possible gaps that the HEAL project could fulfil to better tackle the students’ needs and requirements to complete high quality internships.

University of Southern Denmark will be leading this PR, with input from all partner countries.

As PR lead, the University of Southern Denmark will create the overall frame for the scoping review, and the partners will contribute with input from their respective countries. The PR lead will be responsible to draw the overall conclusions in the scoping review and present a concrete proposal, through dialogue with the partners, on how the results can feed into the development of the Innovative Framework.